This section acts as a personal living document highlighting policy documents and relevant developments to AI policy across the globe. It is by no means comprehensive and will be updated regularly. If you use this resource please cite it.

Send me a message if you spot any pressing updates and errors, or if you'd like to contribute otherwise. Quoted text is generally directly from the linked resources.



Government Reports and Initiatives

 

National Programme on AI:

https://qz.com/1198182/modi-government-pushes-for-artificial-intelligence-like-china-but-is-india-ready-for-it/

On Feb. 01, delivering his budget speech, finance minister Arun Jaitley told parliament that the government think-tank, Niti Aayog, will spearhead a national programme on AI, including research and development. The intent showed in the numbers: Budget allocation for Digital India, the government’s umbrella initiative to promote AI, machine learning, 3D printing, and other technologies, was almost doubled to Rs3,073 crore ($477 million) this year.

AI research Institute in India: Wadhwani AI (Feb 2018); private funding but government involved:


https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/ites/indias-first-ai-research-institute-opened-in-mumbai/articleshow/63000704.cms

Wadhwani AI, India’s first research institute dedicated to developing artificial intelligence solutions for social good was inaugurated in Mumbai.

Based in Mumbai, the Wadhwani Institute for Artificial Intelligence (Wadhwani AI) is partnering with the government of Maharashtra for its mission to create AI solutions for social impact. The Maharashtra government will help the institute identify problems, and test and scale the solutions.  

The Wadhwani brothers are committing $30 million to the institute over its first 10 years and will also be personally involved, offering their expertise in creating and scaling successful global businesses. 



Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Digital India:

http://digitalindia.gov.in

 

AI taskforce to study national security and defense needs:

https://www.medianama.com/2018/02/223-ai-task-force/

 

  • The Ministry of Defense has set up a task force to study the implications of Artificial Intelligence towards National Security and Defense. An earlier Task Force by the Government of India had stated national security as among the subjects it would make recommendations on. The memorandum announcing the task force recognizes the transformative impact of AI in fueling growth as well as to “provide military superiority”.
     

Open Government Data, Platform India:

https://data.gov.in


Centre of Excellence for Data Science and AI:

https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/telangana-partners-nasscom-launch-centre-excellence-data-science-and-ai-76768


Aadhaar: tracking data of all citizens:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/07/technology/india-id-aadhaar.html


National Digital Communications Policy:

http://www.mydigitalfc.com/plan-and-policy/national-digital-communications-policy-2018


Launch of High-Level task force to examine IP regulations concerning AI:

 

The government is looking to tweak the existing intellectual property regime to make it more flexible and widen its scope to encourage research and innovation in artificial intelligence (AI). A high-level task force will soon be set up to examine and issue appropriate modifications to the existing intellectual property regulatory regime pertaining to AI. The government has chalked out a plan to use AI to improve India’s social indicators. 

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/ip-regime-may-be-tweaked-to-boost-artificial-intelligence-research/articleshow/64593342.cms​



National programme to direct efforts to AI involving NITI Aayog:


https://www.opengovasia.com/articles/indian-government-reveals-initiatives-in-ai-cyber-physical-systems-and-5g-technologies

  • NITI Aayog, the premier policy thinktank of the Government of India, will initiate a national program to direct efforts in the area of artificial intelligence, including research and development of its applications.


NITI Aayog: socio-economic conditions and AI

http://techcircle.vccircle.com/2018/04/10/niti-aayog-taps-iit-tool-telling-socio-economic-conditions-using-satellite-images

  • NITI Aayog using AI to reveal and predict socio-economic conditions and areas right down to the district level


NITI Aayog to partner with IBM to use artificial intelligence in agriculture

https://www.firstpost.com/tech/news-analysis/niti-aayog-to-partner-with-ibm-to-use-artificial-intelligence-in-agriculture-4456971.html

Google collaborating with NITI Aayog on AI
 
https://english.newstracklive.com/news/google-will-collaborate-along-with-niti-aayog-s-on-artificial-intelligence-46204-1.html

NITI Aayog identifies five sectors that can adopt Artificial Intelligence


https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/niti-aayog-identifies-five-sectors-that-can-adopt-artificial-intelligence/articleshow/64450232.cms

 

IT ministry has formed four committees for Artificial Intelligence:

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/it-ministry-forms-four-committees-for-artificial-intelligence-ravi-shankar-prasad/articleshow/62853767.cms
 

UAE and India sign memorandum of collaboration on AI:
https://gulfnews.com/news/uae/government/uae-and-india-sign-agreement-on-artificial-intelligence-1.2258074​
 

Interesting reading
Accessible mainstream literature


New Electronics policy:

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/eyeing-1-trillion-in-digital-business-government-works-on-a-new-electronics-policy/articleshow/62073472.cms

 

  • A new electronics manufacturing policy is on the anvil and work is also on for rolling out an upgraded software products architecture as the government lays down measures to boost India's digital economy to $1 trillion over the coming years
     

  • The ambitious transition includes a deeper focus on boosting manufacturing within the country, while also laying down measures to push and encourage electronics and digital exports in a large way, IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad told TOI after holding a high-level meeting with CEOs and top representatives of the industry.
     

  • Prasad said that initiatives such as Digital India and policy benefits given to start-ups will also aid the growth of the digital sector which is currently estimated to account for a turnover of $280 billion.
     


Economic impact:
 

https://telecom.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/artificial-intelligence-has-potential-to-add-957-billion-to-indian-economy-accenture-report/62194100


KTR at Davos:

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/artificial-intelligence-pitch-by-ktr-at-davos/articleshow/62678209.cms

 

  • KTR also explained the Telangana government's Open Data Policy, launched in 2016, which has over 50 datasets open to public now. He said that the policy stands out not just for its transparency but also for the high quality of data collected and for the scope of being used to derive meaningful insights or to build AI-based solutions. The minister said that the state plans to identify 'problem statements' and run hackathons based on the data collected once a critical mass of datasets reach the platform.
     

  • He reiterated that the onus lies on the governments to help people build local skills and get global firms to work locally. He added that a Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Data Sciences is one of the initiatives taken up by the government in this regard.
     

AI specific “clean” Data:

http://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/industy-seeks-clear-ai-policy/article22481546.ece

 

  • Stating that Artificial Intelligence (AI) had the potential to help solve complex developmental challenges in India, including improving food and water security, the industry sought clearly defined policy priorities and access to ‘clean data’ for application of AI.
     

Commentary on Gov. AI plan:

https://analyticsindiamag.com/is-indias-ai-first-policy-coming-a-tad-too-late-vis-a-vis-developments-in-china-us/

On the other hand, to counter China’s plan, Modi government has formed a committee to roll out a nationwide AI programme that will include robotics and data analytics. In this year’s Budget, FM Arun Jaitley has entrusted Amitabh Kant-led NITI Aayog to spearhead a new national programme focused on research and development of artificial intelligence. Under the AI programme, the government will likely provide incentives to startups and venture funds that undertake application-oriented research on AI across key sectors including banking, insurance, education,health, retail and transportation.


Risks and Benefits of AI in India:

https://idsa.in/issuebrief/the-global-race-for-artificial-intelligence_msharma_230218



Steps for India to boost AI (good overview):

https://analyticsindiamag.com/where-artificial-intelligence-research-in-india-is-heading/

 


Artificial Intelligence in India – Opportunities, Risks, and Future Potential

https://www.techemergence.com/artificial-intelligence-in-india/



AI in National Security and Defense:

https://www.devdiscourse.com/Article/8265-stakeholders-workshop-on-artificial-intelligence-in-national-security-and-defence

 

© 2020 Charlotte Stix. 

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